Egypt’s “Human Rights” Groups
Associated Press, February
12, 2002 [Date is approximated. –Bob]
CAIRO, Egypt—Homosexuality is so
detested in Egyptian society that Egypt’s largest human rights group says it
cannot speak out against state prosecutions of gay men—even though foreign
observers have been doing that.
Most recently, French President Jacques Chirac said
Saturday he had expressed concern to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak about a
court’s November sentencing of 23 men to up to five years in jail for
engaging in gay sex. Chirac said he was not seeking to interfere, but he hoped
“those decisions might be overturned.”
Islam prohibits homosexuality and, though not explicitly
referred to in the Egyptian penal code, a wide range of laws covering
obscenity, prostitution and debauchery are applied to homosexuals.
This zero tolerance has intimidated human rights
organizations in Egypt, which defend women, minority Coptic Christians and
prisoners but not gays.
“What could we do? Nothing. If we were to uphold this
issue, this would be the end of what remains of the concept of human rights in
Egypt,” Hisham Kassem, director of the Egyptian Organization for Human
Rights, said Sunday.
“We let them (gays) down, but I don’t have a mandate
from the people, and I don’t want the West to set the pace for the human
rights movement in Egypt.”
Egyptian human rights groups long have been in a delicate
position, politically and financially. International human rights groups
accuse the Egyptian government of trying to silence them by limiting their
foreign funding—their only real source of revenue—and arresting rights
Last year in Cairo, 52 men were tried by an Emergency
State Security Court on charges of immoral behavior and contempt of religion
after police raided a Nile-boat restaurant and accused them of taking part in
a gay sex party.
The court was created by 1981 laws to protect against
threats to national security. Twenty-three of the men were convicted and
sentenced; appeal from the emergency courts is limited.
At least eight more men were arrested in January on
suspicion of homosexual behavior in what the press called a crackdown on a
“network of perverts.” Their detention was extended by 45 days last week
as the investigation continued. No trial date has been set.
Egyptian police also continue to track down gays by
monitoring Web sites promoting homosexuality.
Hossam Bahgat, founder of a new Egyptian human rights
group, said his center intends to protect personal rights, including those of
a gay person.
“People have the right to reject homosexuality, but we
believe that any moral conviction shouldn’t be the basis—and shouldn’t
take the form—of discrimination or persecution,” Bahgat told The
His would be the first rights group in Egypt to consider
discrimination based on sexuality among its issues of concern.
Last week, openly gay Rep. Barney Frank, D-Massachusetts,
denounced Egypt’s treatment of homosexuals in declining an invitation to a
government-sponsored forum on cross-cultural understanding.
The issue hasn’t gone unnoticed in the Egyptian media,
which tends to espouse the view that attitudes toward homosexuality amount to
a cultural difference between East and West.
In its latest issue, the pro-government Rose El-Youssef
weekly described complaints by the global political and human rights community
as “an international homosexual campaign against Egypt.”
Hussein Derar, deputy-assistant foreign minister for
human rights, also attributed differing attitudes toward homosexuality to the
difference between Middle Eastern culture and Western culture.
“They have their Western culture and we have our
Islamic culture,” Derar told the AP. “We are a religious society. ...
Homosexuality is rejected by all people.”
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