Last edited: September 06, 2004

Kansas Official Justifies Harsher Laws for Gay Sex

The Advocate, September 2, 2004

Kansas can punish illegal underage sex more harshly when it involves gay sex acts, even if the only goal is promoting traditional values, a state official told the Kansas supreme court on Tuesday. In a closely watched case, Dep. Atty. Gen. Jared Maag said legislators have such broad latitude in setting policy that “any conceivable, rational basis” would justify the different treatment. Maag argued in favor of upholding a sentence of more than 17 years in prison for Matthew R. Limon, convicted of criminal sodomy for having sex at age 18 with a 14-year-old boy in 2000. Had the victim been a girl, Limon could have been sentenced to one year and three months in prison under the 1999 “Romeo and Juliet” law, which gives shorter sentences to heterosexuals if the partners’ ages are within four years of each other and under 19.

Limon’s attorneys argued the different treatment represents discrimination against gays and lesbians and is unconstitutional. But Maag said the different treatment is acceptable if legislators can argue there’s a rational reason—including promoting traditional values. “If you admit there’s a conceivable basis that’s at least arguable, then that is enough to uphold the statute as constitutional,” he said. James Esseks, an American Civil Liberties Union attorney representing Limon, said the state has “fanciful justifications” for the harsher sentence. Esseks said the state is basing its law on “private prejudice,” which is constitutionally unacceptable.

The Kansas court of appeals rejected Limon’s appeal in 2002. Last year the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Texas law criminalizing gay sex and returned Limon’s case to the state courts. But in a 2-1 decision in January, the Kansas court of appeals noted that the U.S. Supreme Court case involved consenting adults and sided with the state again. Limon then appealed to the state supreme court, which could rule as early as October 15.

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